Floreana Island, the sixth largest island by its extension in square kilometers from the Ecuadorian archipelago of the Galapagos Islands, administratively belongs to the parish of Santa Maria, in the Canton of San Cristobal, in the province of Galápagos, its largest town is Puerto Velasco Ibarra.
It has an area of 173 km2 and a maximum altitude of 640 meters/nearly one half mile. It was called so in honor of Juan José Flores, the first President of Ecuador, during whose administration the Government of Ecuador took possession of the archipelago. Also, it is known as Santa Maria in honor of one of the ships of Columbus.
Floreana was one of the first Islands to be inhabited and caused a fair share of controversy in the early twentieth century among the international press. Several books have been written about Floreana and its secrets. Among them the most famous "Floreana" of Margret Wittmer, in which she tells her own family’s story, as the Wittmers were one of the first to inhabit the island.
On this island, you can find a small population of Galapagos penguins, pink flamingos and sea turtles which nest on this island between December and May.